Asthma is a respiratory condition marked by bronchial spasms of the lungs causing difficulty in breathing, coughing, or wheezing. It may result from allergic conditions or other forms of hypersensitivity.
Bronchiectasis a form of severe chronic bronchitis, where the walls of the bronchi become thickened and dilated due to inflammation and recurring infections. Daily sputum production and frequent pneumonias are common.
Chronic Bronchitis is a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) where bacterial infection leads to inflamed bronchial tubes that produce a lot of mucus. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause.
COPD is a broad term used to describe progressive lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis. This disease is characterized by increasing breathlessness and obstructive spirometry patterns.
Emphysema is the gradual damage of the alveoli or air sacs. Cigarette smoking is the major cause of emphysema although an alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a genetic form of this disease.
Hypoxia is a deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues often due to problems of the pulmonary system. Home oxygen is commonly prescribed for this condition.
Lung Cancer is a malignancy of the lung tissue or bronchial tubes due to smoking, secondhand smoke, exposure, certain toxins, and family history. Symptoms may include cough (often with blood), chest pain, wheezing, and weight loss. However, many cases of cancer are asymptomatic and discovered by chest x-rays or CT scans.
Lung Nodules are small rounded growths in the lung. They are frequently benign but may require further testing to exclude malignancy.
Pneumonia is an infection of the air sacs causing cough with phlegm, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of organisms including bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Pulmonary Embolus occurs when a blood clot gets lodged in a lung artery thus blocking blood flow to part of the lung. The source of the clot is usually from a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the legs.
Pulmonary Fibrosis is a diffuse progressive scarring disease that interferes with a person’s ability to breathe and often results in hypoxia.
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease of uncertain etiology that affects multiple organs in the body, including the lungs and lymph nodes. Biopsies show non-caseating granulomas and sometimes treatment with steroids is required